Texas was the 28th state to join the union. It is currently the second largest state, both in population and area. In addition to bordering Mexico, it borders the states of Oklahoma, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Arkansas. Austin is the capital of Texas.
Before European explorers began inhabiting Texas, there were a number of Native American tribes who called the state home. Such tribes included the Apache, Choctaw, Wichita, Caddo, Bidai, Comanche, and Kickapoo. A matter of fact, the name “Texas” comes from the Caddoan language and means “allies” or “friends”. The first documented Europeans to inhabit the area was in 1528 when Spanish explorer Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca became shipwrecked. The Spanish and French fought over the territory for two centuries. On March 2nd 1836, Texian delegates signed a declaration of independence against Mexicans and Texas became a republic. It remained a republic until it became a state in 1845.
The most populous city is Houston, followed by San Antonio, Dallas, Austin, and Fort Worth. The top three cities have a population of over one million.
When it comes to economy, Texas has a gross state product of $1.648 trillion. This is the second highest in the United States. The success of its economy is mainly due to its large amount of natural resources, high population, booming cities, and oil. The state leads the country when it comes to production of sheep, hay, wool, horses, cattle, mohair, and goats.
Medical research is another big industry in the state of Texas. Dallas is home to both the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and American Heart Association. Houston’s The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is one of the top cancer care centers in the country. There are also three dental schools, nine medical schools, and two optometry schools located here.
Sports is a big part of Texan culture. There are two NFL Teams (the Houston Texans and Dallas Cowboys), three NBA teams (the Dallas Mavericks, San Antonio Spurs, and Houston Rockets), two MLB teams ( the Houston Astros and Texas Rangers), and one NHL team (the Dallas Stars). There are also an abundance of college sports teams here as well. The rodeo is another major part of Texan culture. The first rodeo ever took place in Pecos, Texas. Since 1997, the IndyCar series and NASCAR cup series have been held at Texas Motor Speedway in Fort Worth.